Southern Pacific Speed Lettering
This page last updated on September 11, 2011.
A brief review of the D&RGW-inspired speed lettering applied to SP units after the October 1988 control of Southern Pacific by D&RGW's Rio Grande Industries parent company.
Back in September 2010, there was a discussion on the Espee group on YahooGroups, in which Kevin Bunker related the rest of the story of how Southern Pacific began using the speed lettering inspired by the similar lettering used by Denver & Rio Grande Western since 1939.
Following the merger of D&RGW and SP in late 1988, Kevin Bunker had painted a model of an EMD SD40T-2 locomotive in his own version of SP's famous Black Widow paint scheme that used a basic black background, with red, orange, and aluminum-colored stripes. He chose to letter his model with his own interpretion of of D&RGW's speed lettering, spelling Southern Pacific on the sides of the model. He had carefully designed the lettering, and cut each letter from plain white decal stock. He then presented the completed model to Phillip Anschutz as an example of a paint scheme that could be applied to both SP and D&RGW locomotives, reflecting the recent merger.
Apparently Mr. Anschutz took the completed model back to his Denver headquarters and suggested that the lettering scheme be adopted, applying the lettering designed by Kevin Bunker to locomotives that were purchased new, rebuilt, or simply repainted, using the existing SP gray background color and scarlet wing pattern. After contacting SP corporate headquarters about the background story for the lettering design, Kevin was told that the design had been completed by Chester Mack, a professional designer hired by Southern Pacific to design a paint scheme for the merged railroads. But Kevin recognized several details of the final design that he had introduced in his own design. The first SP speed-lettered locomotve was released in mid April 1991, and the change to larger "Pacific" lettering in May 1991 may have been in response Kevin's correspondence.
(click here for a timeline of the SP and D&RGW merger)
SP adopted this Rio Grande-inspired speed lettering for its own units in early 1991, with GP40M-2s rebuilt by Morrison Knudsen being the first units, at first using the early, small version in March 1991.
The first SP speed-lettered locomotive was SP no. 7107, a GP40M-2 rebuilt by Morrison-Knudsen. It was released on March 12, 1991. Numbers 7107-7111 had a smaller lettering size that was superseded with a larger version upon release of the SP no. 7112 a month later, on April 15, 1991. All subsequent GP40M-2 units in this order, nos. 7112-7138, carried speed lettering. SP continued to apply speed lettering to units from March 1991 through to October 1996.
The larger version of speed lettering was adopted in April 1991. Also in April 1991, SP began receiving 55 additional GP60s, joining an already existing fleet of 115 GP60s. These 1991-built GP60s were themselves joined in 1993 and 1994 by 25 more GP60s, all with the new larger version of SP's new image. After SP's rebuilt GP40M-2s and new GP60s, the first SP unit to be repainted to the new image was an MP15AC completed in October 1993.
New and rebuilt SP locomotives in the following series were delivered with speed lettering:
|SP Road Numbers||Qty.||Builder||Model||Dates (in delivery sequence)|
|SP 7107-7138||32||EMD||GP40M-2||March-August 1991|
|SP 9715-9769||55||EMD||GP60||April-July 1991|
|SP 9770-9794||25||EMD||GP60||November 1993-January 1994|
|SP 151-170, 4845-4871||27||EMD||GP38-2||November 1993-October 1996|
|SP 8574-8706||133||EMD||SD40-2M||April 1994-February 1995|
|SP 8100-8200||101||GE||C44-9||May-December 1994|
|SP 9800-9824||25||EMD||SD70M||June-August 1994|
|SP 500-502||3||MPI||MK5000C||August 1994|
|SP 100-378||279||GE||AC44CW||April-October 1995|
In addition to the above list of 680 units (515 new and 165 rebuilt), Joe Strapac compiled a listing of an additional 355 units that received speed lettering after being repainted at Burnham shops in Denver, and at several contractor locations. The list was presented on page 19 of his book, "Southern Pacific Diesel Locomotive Compendium, Volume 2," published in 2007. (As a side note, page 18 of the same book presents a list of units painted in the brief SPSF paint scheme for the unapproved merger of SP and AT&SF, used on SP units from August 1985 to July 1986.)
D&RGW Units Repainted to SP
It took almost four years, from late 1988 until mid 1992, for SP to begin repainting former D&RGW units to its familiar gray and red paint scheme. On July 18, 1992, D&RGW GP40 3086 was completed as the first D&RGW unit to receive SP paint, with new large SP speed lettering. This new speed version of Southern Pacific lettering was inspired by D&RGW's own flying Rio Grande, first adopted by the road in June 1939.
The first D&RGW unit to be repainted into SP colors was completed in July 1992. It was the first of a total of 22 D&RGW units to receive SP paint. It wasn't until May 1994, two years later, that the second D&RGW unit, SD40T-2 5380, was completed with SP paint and lettering.
Over the period of the next two years, from May 1994 until the UP merger in September 1996, an additional 20 D&RGW units were repainted to SP. (click here for more information about D&RGW paint schemes)