Utah Ore Sampling Company
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This page was last updated on August 18, 2013.
(tall building, east of 380 West, at 5500 South, Murray, Utah)
Utah Ore Sampling Company built this sampler in 1909. Consolidated mining companies did their own sampling. This was the largest independent sampler between Missouri and California. After the ore was crushed and analyzed for content and quality, smelters decided on the basis of the samples, whether to buy larger quantities of the ore. Ore came here from all over the west. Most of the ores sampled here went to the ASARCO smelter for processing. The close proximity of the two plants allowed the railroads to treat them as a single destination for billing purposes. The large "Thawed House," where loads of frozen ore were completely thawed before they were run through the sample plant, still remains. This mill was unique because it contained the only railroad spur that connected to both the Denver and Rio Grande and the Union Pacific Railroads. The company operated until the 1950's, when the smelting industry in Murray ceased. (Salt Lake Valley Historical Tour, Ron Andersen, 1997)
News item about the Utah Ore Sampling Company closing its plant in Park City due to the larger plant in Murray going into operation. (Salt Lake Mining Review, Volume 19, number 1, April 15, 1917, p.33)
Article about the Utah Ore Sampling plant at Murray. (Salt Lake Mining Review, Volume 27, number 9, August 15, 1925, p.9)
Utah Ore Sampling Company was constructed between the Union Pacific Provo Subdivision and the Rio Grande mainlines at 53rd South and 3rd West. UP had quite a sizable yard at Pallas (between 53rd South and 59th South) used to store and classify cars for the Sampler and the large Murray and Midvale smelter complexes. The Rio Grande always referred to this location as Sampler long after the facility was closed. (James Belmont, February 5, 2008)
Utah Ore Sampling Company was an independent third party that assayed the mineral content, and amount of ores shipped from mines to smelters. They got their start in Park City, at a joint trackage location between UP and D&RGW inside UP's wye. That location closed in 1917 when the Murray plant was built, and the existing structure was built in 1925 to expand on the original operation. There is a nice article in the August 15, 1925 issue of Salt Lake Mining Review.
The ore we are talking about is known as galena, a mix of lead and silver ore, with lots of other bits like zinc, cadmium, antimony, arsenic and bismuth, thrown in just to make the lives of smelter men interesting. Galena is the principle silver ore in the western U.S. Every load of ore, usually in classic GS gondolas, was different and the smelters needed to get the proper mix of ores and flux-ores to make each smelter run as economical as possible.
As the rail cars from the various mines from all over the west, but mostly from Utah and Idaho, arrived at the Murray/Midvale smelting complex, the loaded cars had to be "sampled" to determine the mix of ores in each load. The trackage at the Utah Ore Sampling Company was jointly owned and operated between UP and D&RGW, as well as portions of the trackage at Pallas itself.
As loads of ore arrived, they were switched to the sampler where samples were taken. The cars were then switched to Pallas to be held and used as each car's particular mix of ore could best be used. UP kept a full time switcher and crew at Pallas, as did D&RGW at Midvale. If I recall, the two roads cooperated heavily in the movement of in and around Murray and Midvale. I would guess that at any one time, there would not be more than 50-60 cars in the Pallas yard. But like everything else with Utah railroads, there is much yet to be researched.
Track schematic map of Pallas on the UP side.
As can be seen, the trackage was still extensive even in this 1985 version. I've seen earlier track maps, and there was a lot of tracks in the area. There were lots of spurs to the 10 or so big and small smelters in the middle of Salt Lake Valley, which from 1900 to about 1920, was the smelting center of the western U.S. It would be an interesting subject to model, especially if you throw in the inbound coal in Utah Coal Route GS gons, and the outbound loads of lead and silver.
A side note from today is that UTA's TRAX lightrail uses the old UP spur from Atwoods just south of Pallas, to get to its shops at Midvale, by way of an undercrossing under the D&RGW mainline. UTA will also use the old UP line to Midvale to get from its shops to the old D&RGW Bingham Branch to extend light rail all the way west to Daybreak.
(Read more about the smelters in Salt Lake Valley)
Silver City Sampler
Don Strack wrote, on May 28, 2004:
I'm pretty sure that the sampler was in Silver City, and the smelter was a couple thousand feet to the north. The Shipler photo from 1908 shows the sampler, which was owned by Utah Ore Sampling. The photo from Salt Lake Mining Review, and now the Young photo that you sent, shows the smelter. Compare the gable ends on the building, and the window layout. The UP drawing I have shows the sampler in Silver City as being owned by Utah Ore Sampling Co. (which also had samplers in Murray [still there] and in Park City). So when I refer to the sampler, or to the smelter, they are two different places.
A typical smelter run for gold, or for silver, or for lead, needed a very narrow range of ore quality to be successful, so the smelters were always looking for what they called "fluxing ores," to balance the metalurgy of their smelter runs.
Sam Bass wrote on May 28, 2004:
There were two samplers in Silver City, Taylor and Brunton (Utah Ore Sampling Co.) and the other at the smelter. Smelters would, as a matter of course, pull their own samples of each lot of ore they bought. Jesse would have shipped his ore directly to the smelter so there was no reason for an independent sample to be done. Companies like Utah Ore Sampling would also buy small lots of ore from the smaller mines and sell it to a custom mill or smelter.
A photo of the Taylor and Brunton (Utah Ore Sampling Co.) Sampler at Silver City from the south, shows the dual gauge track on both sides of the building. Ore was brought in on the track on the right (east) side, run through the sampler, and shipped on the narrow gauge to the Tintic Smelter, or on the standard gauge to a smelter elsewhere. I have a diagram showing the workings of a sample mill, if you're interested. This is a W. H. Palmer photo from Yesterday's Dreams, Tomorrow's Memories.
An interesting note about "fluxing ores"; because of the iron or silica content of the ore, a mine could operate at a profit on ore that was otherwise too low grade. High grade lead and copper ores were also considered valuable as "fluxing ores".